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Lexicon

Simon&Fils offers you a complete lexicon to accompany you throughout your discovery of oenology.
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

a

Acerbe

bitter and green (unripe apple).

Acid

acts on the taste buds like a lemon.

Acre

irritates the mucous membranes.

Aggressive

unpleasant.

Aigu

imbalance between alcohol and acidity.

Aimable

very pleasant.

Amaigri

little flesh, little body.

Amber

dark yellow.

Ample

balanced and harmonious. that has roundness, is said of a wine that has consistency, that is generous.

Angular

bitter, astringent.

Appearance

Coarse, medium, fine, creamy.

Apre

Strong astringent.

Aqueous

very weak, diluted.

Ardent

rich in alcohol.

Aroma

odorous principle that exhales a wine: Floral, fruity, vegetal, spices aromas, animal, empyreumatic, defect.

Aromatic

lets out penetrating aromas (fruity wines).

Astringent

Tightens the mucous membranes (due to the tannin), tannic. Causes the tightening of the taste buds.

Austere

still without a bouquet.

b

Balanced

whose characters harmonize. Whose all qualities are present in harmony.

Barrel

have a musty taste.

Bitter

bitter.

Bold

pleasantly unctuous: impression of roundness, softness, mellow.

Bouquet

set of olfactory sensations: All the smells and perfumes of wine.

Bourru

disturbed by the dregs.

Bright

the brilliance of the wine is such that it seems to bring light.

Brilliance

Limpidity, luminous radiance.

Brilliant

with vivid reflections.

Bubbles

Inexistent, glued to glass, slow, large, medium, light, fine, fast.

c

Carpentry

Balanced with a slight tannic dominance: Well-structured, robust, well-balanced, harmonious wine.

Cassé

cloudy and oxidized.

Chair

a lot of consistency, fullness.

Character

originality, strength of a wine.

Chatoyante

is said to be the robe of a wine with a luminous radiance.

Chewed

exposed to the air, rough, unbalanced: a wine with lamb's lettuce is a thick wine, rich in tannins.

Clair

rid of the dregs.

Clarity

Cloudy (deposit), blurred, shady, clear, bright, crystalline.

Clear

without any trouble.

Closed

that needs to evolve.

Coarse

without quality.

Complete

well balanced.

Complex

rich in aromas that combine in a subtle way.

Corked

with the taste of cork.

Coulant

flexible and pleasant.

Creamy

pleasant but strongly mellow.

Cristallin

whose transparency is similar to that of crystal.

Croupi

almost moldy.

d

Delicate

fine and melted.

Discolored

faded, faded color.

Dish

without bouquet nor acidity.

Distinguished

fine and original.

Dress

color : Corresponds in oenology to the brightness, the luminosity, the color of the wine.

Dried

too old, faded, charmless.

Dry

without sugar.

e

Effervescent

releases gas bubbles.

Elegant

harmonious grand cru: distinguished with character.

Emaciated

skinny, tired, lacking everything.

End

which is not ordinary: remarkable for its nuances and distinction.

Epanoui

develops its bouquet perfectly.

Etoffé

ample and full-bodied.

Eventé

without bouquet.

f

Farm

slightly hard but pleasant.

Female

full of grace, charm and elegance.

Finesse

brings pleasure with delicacy and subtlety.

Fleshy

fills the mouth: which has body, consistency, fat.

Flexible

whose softness slightly dominates: an easy drinking wine, low in tannin and acidity, which does not offend the palate.

Fort

apparently very alcoholic.

Fourré

Precious sensation of smoothness and velvetiness.

Foxé

smell or taste of wild, fawn.

Franc

clean, pleasant and well marked sensations.

Fresh

pleasantly acidic.

Friand

Fresh and pleasant.

Fruity

with a fruity smell: reminds the taste of fresh grapes. Often in young wines.

Full

with rich and intense characters: which has all the qualities of a good wine with a strong presence.

Full-bodied

is said to be a wine with body and strength.

Fumet

smell that emanates from the wine and reveals its personality.

Funny

pleasant, without roughness and which pleases.

g

Generous

rich and strong: rich in alcohol, warm, vigorous.

Gouleyant

Fresh and light: Easy to drink.

Grater

green and astringent.

Great

of high class.

Green

too acidic.

h

Hail

tastes like hail, or thin.

Hard

acid and astringent.

Harmonious

with a good balance of flavors and hues.

Heady

very alcoholic.

Heavy

lack of acidity.

Herbacé

a grassy smell.

Hollow

without consistency.

Honest

wine that does not deceive its world while satisfying it.

i

Intensity

Pale, medium, good, dark.

l

Lace

very fine, very delicate, very subtle perfumes.

Ladle

slightly cloudy.

Law

with a frank taste, without abnormalities.

Lean

tannic and without body.

Leg

the way wine slides down the sides of a glass when it is rich in alcohol, like tears.

Light

not very full-bodied nor alcoholic.

Lively

of pleasant acidity.

Loaded

heavy and thick.

Long

whose aroma lingers: whose bouquet and flavor is kept for a long time in the mouth, great wines are long in the mouth.

Low

without magnitude or character.

Loyal

Honest, sincere, gives himself up without reluctance.

m

Madérisé

oxidized, too old for a white.

Melted

of a beautiful harmony.

Moelleux

little acid: sensation of sweetness, velvety.

Moisi

musty smell and taste.

Muscaté

with the taste of Muscat grapes.

Musky

has the smell of musk, taste of Muscat grapes.

n

Nervous

very acidic and very soft at the same time: which combines strength and vivacity.

Nervousness

linked to acidity, has character.

Net

frank and straight: without complex elements, with a pleasant and frank taste.

Neutral

without personality.

Noble

with superior qualities.

o

Old

more than five years.

Open

Full bloom, ready to drink.

Oxidized

Frayed in contact with air.

p

Perlant

slightly sparkling.

Persistence

duration of perception of taste sensations. Very weak, weak, average, good, very good, excellent :Weak, short, average, long, very long.

Pinching

pinch the tongue due to excess acidity.

Piqué

turns to vinegar.

Pleasant

flawless.

Pointed

pinching.

Powerful

Full-bodied: rich in alcohol and has, in abundance, all the qualities of a good wine.

Primeur

wine of the year served before December 15th.

Printing

Closed, common, simple, original, elegant, distinguished, fine, very fine, complex, rich, lean, small, aggressive, supple, tender, full-bodied, fleshy, robust.

r

Racé

typical and original.

Radiant

is said to have a very luminous shine.

Raw

with zero softness.

Ready

whose evolution is complete, needs to be drunk.

Rich

balanced but giving an impression of warmth: powerful and strong in alcohol and color.

Robust

full-bodied and powerful.

Rough

astringent and of low quality.

Round

Fleshy and supple: that is supple, soft and fat.

s

Saveurs

White wines : Acidity : Green, acerbic, acid, nervous, lively, fresh, flat.
Moelleux : Tender, supple, fat, soft, pasty.

Red wines: Acidic, lively, fresh
Moelleux : Supple, melted, fleshy, fat, smooth.
Tannin : Firm, solid, full-bodied, tannic, bitter, rough.

Senile

old.

Serious

with a pronounced aromatic flavour and alcoholic strength.

Severe

hard and without bouquet.

Shades

White wines: White gold, pale yellow, light yellow, straw yellow, serine yellow (bright), amber yellow (white wines)
Red wines: Purple red, cherry red, purple, garnet, ruby, brick red, orange red, brown red.

Short

does not persist in the mouth.

Sliding

flowing.

Slim

light in alcohol, insufficient bouquet and taste.

Small

disappointing, or friendly and familiar.

Smoked

to the taste of smoked food.

Sniff out

Action of perceiving the odors of the wine during the olfactory examination.

Soft

lacks slightly acidity.

Solid

robust.

Sour

smells like vinegar.

Sparkling

effervescent.

Spicy

with a spicy smell.

Stiff

tannic and acidic.

Stripped

clear after precipitation of solid deposits.

Structured

A well-structured wine has balanced and quality aromas.

Suave

refined and exquisite quality, with a delicate, soft and harmonious fragrance.

Subtle

wine with fine, delicate aromas, married with harmony.

Supported

not very tannic and pleasantly acidic and mellow.

Sweet

rough and still sweet.

Sweetness

Unpleasantly sweet.

t

Tannic

dominated by tannin or tannin: component of the wine that gives more or less astringency.

Tendre

slightly acidic, delicate, fresh, light: supple, easy to drink.

Terroir

characteristic taste.

Thick

bitter, astringent.

Tiled

amber red of old wines.

Tired

requires rest.

Typical

whose characteristics of the grape variety(ies) can be easily detected.

u

Unbalanced

who is missing an element.

v

Velvety

sensation of caressing softness.

Vigorous

robust.

Viné

with alcohol.

Viril

powerful, vigorous, full of character.

Voilé

slightly cloudy.

w

Warm

rich in alcohol.

Whole

to whom nothing is missing, who has no gaps in the tasting.

Wine for storage

Wine that improves with age.

Woody

with the taste of new barrel.

Wrapped

soft and round.

y

Young

not old enough, or, for an old wine, fiery and fruity.